These are just several examples when to use the Instrumental case in Russian. It’s use after prepositions like c(with), между(between), перед(in front of), за(behind), над(over), and под(under). The Russian language has six cases to show what function a noun has in a sentence: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional. Russian Instrumental Case (With, By) In Russian, the instrumental case is used to indicate how something is done. Your email address will not be published. Declension of Russian adjectives. See Russian adjectives used in example sentences, videos and charts that make it easy to understand this grammar topic like a pro. (0764) 6. For now, let’s learn about the instrumental case of adjectives. Russian adjectives. Accusative – the “direct object” case; Instrumental – denoting an instrument used in an action; Prepositional – used with many common prepositions, such as “in”, “on” etc. Грамматика                                     -ой (-ей). Russian pronouns. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (0810) Prepositional Case of Nouns, Adjectives, Possessives. Here you can find the general explanation and the prepositions used with the Instrumental case. The endings of Russian words change depending on the case they are in. Accusative Case – Direct Objects: 13. 1) Instrumental Case is Used to Designate an Instrument that is Used to Carry out the Action. Basic function. When we use a noun in the instrumental case, we must change the adjectives as well in the instrumental case. for adjectives that modify masculine and neuter nouns is. Russian predicate adjectives always agree with the subject in gender (in the singular) and number, but they can exhibit three options with respect to case assignment: they may have the same case as that of the subject (nominative), bear a case which is different from that of the subject (instrumental), or receive no case at all, appearing instead in the caseless The most common short adjectives, used with the Instrumental case, are болен (to be ill with), богат (rich in), беден (poor in), известен (famous for), доволен (pleased with), знаком с (to be acquainted with), согласен (to agree with), дружен с (to have somebody as a friend), удивлён (surprised by). Yesterday we have met a new student. Adverbs and Adjectives: 10. 5. Russian Instrumental case - functions, forms, творительный падеж в русском - Duration: 14:17. Doing this will make you familiar with the structure of the sentence. Disclaimer | Take a look at some good examples in the poster. Russian Guides and Exercises with Golosa/ ... Prepositional Case of Nouns, Adjectives, Possessives. [tr][th]Masculine[/th] [th]Feminine[/th] [th]Neuter[/th] [th]Plural[/th][/tr], [tr][td]-ым[/td] [td]-ой[/td] [td]-ым[/td] [td]-ыми[/td][/tr]. If you also interested to learn about culture  and the etiquette of Russia, you can check it out here too. Generally, we use the instrumental case... to express the "instrument" used to perform an action: Он пи́шет ру́чкой - He writes with a pen. Prepositional case is the sixth and final case of Russian language and has only 3 very simple rules. е хать п о ездом (to go by train) - the instrumental There are six cases in Russian: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional. Antonia Romaker - English and Russian online 26,401 views Dative Case: 21. Master Russian adjectives with this complete guide to usage, including declension, short versus long adjective forms, the Russian comparative and superlative and more. Students are writing a test with blue pens. Adjectives modify a noun, and take the case ending that corresponds with whatever case the noun is in. Level: Intermediate Topic: Adjectives in the instrumental case (2) Instructions: Choose the right INSTRUMENTAL form of each ADJECTIVE (which could be masculine, feminine or neuter). There are instances of overlap which we will take advantage of in order to simplify learning the Russian case system. Subscribe and receive tips and advices to help you in your studies of different areas of Russian language. (female). We introduce you to the Russian case system with detailed explanations on rules and exceptions.With our consolidated data you will feel confident in declension of Russian nouns, adjectives and pronouns soon! Вчера мы познакомились с новым русским Nouns in the Instrumental Case Reflexive Verbs: 19, 20. Adjectives Colors: 9. RUSSIAN CASES. Cookies TOS | Memorize the Instrumental case of possessive pronouns (мой, твой, наш. Words like “fast”, “new” and “beautiful” are all adjectives. I study in the same class with your brother.. © Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. The instrumental case is used to show an action or describe the profession. Form the Instrumental case of possessive pronouns, The Instrumental case endings for possessive and demonstrative pronouns are the The hard adjectives have suffix “-ый”, “-ой”, and “-ий”. When we use a noun in the instrumental case, we must change the adjectives as well in the instrumental case. Russian verbs. Below are further examples of instrumental case of adjective in Russian Language: – Утренний (morning) à Утренним,  Утренней, Утренним, Утренними, – Передний (front)à Передним, Передней, Передним, Передними, – Дальний (distant, long run) à Дальним, Дальней, Дальним, Дальними, – Последний (last) à Последним, Последней, Последним, Последними, – Синий (blue) à Синим, Синей, Синим, Синими. same as adjectives endings. Квартира с балконом (An apartment with a balcony). The Instrumental Case of a noun indicates that its reference is the means by which an action is ... Once you understand how cases work, you need to know the endings on the nouns (and adjectives) which mark these cases. The Instrumental singular ending for adjectives that modify masculine and neuter nouns is -ым (-им) . If a noun is used in the Instrumental case, the adjective that modifies that noun must also be in the Instrumental case. 1. Instrumental Case. masculine and neuter nouns add an у sound to their ending; feminine nouns change their а sound to an е sound; nouns in plural form add ам; you use the dative case when you mean ‘to’ something or someone. Instrumental. Russian Future tense. This case indicates which instrument is used to do or make something, or with whom/with the help of what an action is completed. Start studying 8. In Russian, those questions are кем?, чем?. Russian Past tense. The instrumental case is traditionally taught as the fourth case in Russian. Adjectives always describe nouns. If a noun is used in the Instrumental case, the adjective that modifies that case adjectival endings:      It is also used in space and time phrases. Is it correct and usual to use the instrumental case with adjectives when speaking in the past tense? Numbers: 14. Refer to Lesson 14 - … Have a wonderful day! VOCABULARY блю́дце = saucer зонт = umbrella сгущёнка (a shortcut from «сгущённое молоко»)= condensed milk футбо́лка = T-shirt трамва́й = tram, street car набо́р откры́ток = set of postcards герб = co Questions. Every tip includes examples of usage of various lexical or grammatical constructions. Russian possessive pronouns. 2. All you need to know to say it correctly 80% of the time is:. Listen and repeat: 3. In each case, words have a form for singular and a form for plural. студентом. C. Verbs governing the cases. Yesterday we have met new Russian students . 1. Russian Present tense. In the following lessons we will learn to form the Instrumental case with Russian nouns and pronouns. Term of Use, The Instrumental Case of Adjectives in Russian Language, on The Instrumental Case of Adjectives in Russian Language, Foreigner Tips! It typically denotes an object as being the means by which some action is carried out (e.g., I … How To Survive The Russian Winter. If you want to describe where have you been (at the conference). To make sentences using the instrumental case of adjectives, you need to remember the formulas and keep practicing. If there is any specific part of the lesson you would like to study first, you can click on the above titles in blue and go straight to that subject. Privacy Policy | Russian Imperative mood. Russian Christmas Celebration; You May Steal Everything on Rusian Svyatki Day. Accusative case. Yesterday we have met a new Russian student . Instrumental case. Why Does Kulebyaka Pie Always Be A Special Thing On Russian Christmas Day? B. Instrumental Learn about the Russian adjectives with our series “Russian Tip of the Day”. with the preposition с (with): Я иду́ туда́ с тобо́й - I go there with you / Ко́фе с молоко́м - Coffee with milk. Adjectives are used to describe people and objects. plural of. 3. It’s use after prepositions like c (with), между (between), перед (in front of), за (behind), над (over), and под (under). The Instrumental singular ending In English we commonly use the words "by" or "with" to do this. In Russian the words that express the presence of the quality of an object are used in the Instrumental case: Девушка с голубыми глазами (The lady with blue eyes). Instrumental Case of Noun Modifiers. The only exception is the Instrumental singular and -ыми (-ими) . Remark: Many prepositions (в, за, на, но, etc.) Prepositional case. (Relating to the 6 cases, 3 genders, plural, short and the comparative). Home » Grammar » The Instrumental Case of Adjectives in Russian Language. Oral Drill 3. Pay attention to the Instrumental case endings. 2. Russian verbs aspects. Instrumental case in Russian language can be understood with the equivalent meaning in English - “with” or “by”. The instrumental case is used to show an action or describe the profession. Cases in Russian affect nouns, adjectives, and pronouns ('I', 'me', 'my', 'your', etc). Russian grammar exercises. Genitive with Prepositions: 16. (0719g) Instrumental case. The cases are discussed with reference to: A. Therefore, a noun may have 12 forms: 6 forms for singular and 6 forms for plural. Russian grammar - The Instrumental Case. D. Prepositions governing the cases (including the so-called adverbial and verbal prepositions). – with what/whom? Russian personal pronouns. In the Russian language there are many different forms of each adjective. Nouns, pronouns and adjectives in the Instrumental case are … Вчера мы познакомились с нов ым русск им студентом. (0670g) Упражнение 3-21. The Instrumental plural ending for adjectives that modify plural nouns is There are no articles, neither definite nor indefinite (such as the, a, an in English), in the Russian language. demonstrative pronouns (этот, тот) and the question word чей: Listen and repeat. 2020 Learn Russian Language |, Adchoices | The instrumental case is widely used to describe one's job - Я работаю учителем (I work as a teacher), Отец был рабочим (The father was a worker). Instrumental case is the fifth case of Russian language and consists of 5 rules. Just like the dative case of adjectives, there is also formulas for instrumental case that is divided into hard and soft variants as you can see in the below. We are going to discuss them in the following article. 5. Russian verbs of motions. To mastering the Russian language, it is important to have a good understanding of the nominative, genitive, accusative, dative, instrumental, and prepositional cases. Contact Us | -ым (-им); -ой (-ей); -ыми (-ими). The Instrumental singular ending for adjectives that modify feminine nouns is You would use the instrumental in a sentence like "we went there by car". 21. In a previous post, we have learned about the instrumental case of Russian nouns. Я учусь в одной группе с твоим братом. Here are further  examples and it’s using in sentences : – Первый (first) –> Первым, Первой, Первым, Первыми, – Новый (new) –> Новым, Новой, Новым, Новыми, – Печальный (sad) –> Печальным, Печальной, Печальным, Печальными, – Добрый (kind) –> Добрым, Доброй, Добрым, Добрыми, – Старый (old) –> Старым, Старой, Старым, Старыми, [tr][td]-им[/td] [td]-ей (or -ею)[/td] [td]-им[/td] [td]-ими[/td][/tr]. In 95% of cases Russian would rather say: Я был на очень интенсивной конференции. The instrumental case is commonly used with the preposition “C” (with). Вчера мы познакомились с новыми русскими Russian Instrumental Case Adjectives study guide by Lucy_W_2 includes 9 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. The nominative case answers the questions "who?" Everything is good in its season, and if you are reading this page now it is definitely the right time for you to become an expert in Russian language cases. Before we start, we want you to keep in mind this important fact: “ The Prepositional case is always used with a preposition in the sentence ”. We will be discussing it in following article. 1. The accusative case of Russian adjective has a … noun must also be in the Instrumental case. The Instrumental case answers the questions: – by means of what/whom? Nouns in the Instrumental Case: 18. If you still find it difficult, you can try to read articles or short stories in Russian. 2) Plural Adjectives in the Instrumental Case; 3) Plural Possessive Pronouns in the Instrumental Case . студентами. Genitive Case Plural: 17. ваш), Russian sentences are more heavily based on cases than English, so they make up the bulk of mastering basic Russian. Listen and repeat: 1. Nouns Singular in the Genitive Сase: 15. The Russian language has six cases: nominative, accusative, prepositional, genitive, dative, and instrumental. The Russian dative case is easy. The instrumental case in Russian is an indirect case and answers the questions кем/чем (kyem/chem)—with whom/with what. Then, try to find out the sentences that you think is use the instrumental case of adjectives. If you’ve already familiar with the formulas and can create sentences using this case, let’s continue learning more about the adjective as well. Special constructions. Вчера мы познакомились с новой студенткой. (Whereas adverbs describe verbs or actions).