Black Tupelo is polygamo-dioecious, producing male and either female or perfect flowers on separate trees. black tupelo, sourgum, sour gum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large forest tree reaching a height of over 100 feet and a trunk that exceeds 3 feet in diameter, with a straight trunk and many horizontal branches of a similar size that form a narrow, oval crown. Leaves:Glossy green leaves turn brilliant shades of red in fall. The pulp of its fruit is technically edible, extremely sour and extremely bitter, which is why it is usually used in sweetened preserves. Treefinder can help you identify the perfect tree for your next project! Black Tupelo (Center of the Ramble) Of the 18,000 trees in Central Park, only 150 date back to its creation in 1857. Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sour or Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh. Potential Problems: No major problems, but some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, rust, leaf miner, and scale. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Mature Spread: 20 feet. Tree does best in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Individual male flowers are about 1/8" (3 mm.) Its sibling, the Water Tupelo is likewise edible as is the Ogeechee Lime, another Tupelo. With over 400 tree varieties for review, the Treefinder app enables you to conveniently browse and compile a list of trees suitable for a number of common landscaping uses - from attracting birds to creating a formal screen or hedge. Names. He saw it in a fence row, … In the western Panhandle, one is most likely to see a swamp tupelo/swamp blackgum ( Nyssa sylvatica var. It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. However, the often-unsung trees of the swamps are the tupelo and blackgum trees, including three species of Nyssa that go by a variety of overlapping common names. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. Where to Plant: Great tree for a narrow space in your yard or in a planting strip with no overhead power lines. Mike Hayman spotted this selection on Indiana Hwy 37 on his way to Tell City, IN. Location: Look for this tree in moist soils of valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. Black tupelo (two-puh-low), sourgum, Pepperidge, tupelogum, black gum…these are all names for the Nyssa Sylvatica. Leaves are alternate, simple, oval-elliptical, and lack teeth. Mature Height: 35-45 feet. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. Here is some general information on tupelo trees. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. Tupelo fruit, high in crude fat, fi­ber, phosphorous and calcium, is an important wildlife food source, and because of its many cavities, black tupelo is an important den tree species. Nyssa sylvatica ‘Haymansred’ Also known as black gum, this species of tupelo is a very useful plant trademarked (named) by J. Frank Schmidt in Boring, Oregon. In summer they are shiny dark green above and downy below. biflora ). Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Tupelo / ˈ t uː p ɪ l oʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈ n ɪ s ə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." Use: Tupelo pulp is used for high-grade book and magazine papers. It really depends on where you’re from. The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century.. Many people like to call it sourgum as a counterpart to another tree species… One of those is the Black Tupelo that graces the center of the Rambl e. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." Min. But which one is it? Bark rough, dark grey, broken into many-sided plates; on younger trees, pale brown or grey; branches brown; twigs green to … )-A medium-sized tree of variable shape, 50 to 100 feet high, with short, rigid, twiggy, horizontal branches. Young trees are pyramidal; older trees more oval. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Black tupelo gum trees were also once prolific in the area, and it is this tree that is noted for its dazzling red foliage in the fall. Like many trees, the Black Tupelo, also called the Black Gum tree and the Sour Gum, barely makes it into the edible realm. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). The lumber goes mostly into shipping containers and parts of furniture. In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. The name of the tree “Tupelo” comes from the Muscogee language, as a combination of the words “ito” (tree) and “opilwa” (swamp). Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Male flowers are produced in small umbels on slender peduncles about ½-1" long. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica).These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. FUN TREE FACT: Black tupelo is a honey plant. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. across, consisting of a shallow green calyx with barely discernible teeth, insignificant green petals, and 5-10 spreading stamens with long filaments. to 90 cm.) It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Top of Page Author David Posted on July 20, 2016 November 22, 2019 Categories native deciduous, Tree identification Tags aged blackgum tupelo trees begin decaying from the top, axe and electric chain saw not effective cutting black tupelo, birds love tupelo berries, black tupelo, blackgum tupelo identification, blackgum tupelo is also known as black tupelo or blackgum or sourgum or … Habitat & Range This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Which name is it exactly? The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. It is also known by the name “beetlebung” on Marthas Vineyard, because it was historically used to make mallets that pound the cork (or “beetle”) into barrels before they were loaded onto ships. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. 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