Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. Simply select the preferred gift wrap packaging option above, then add product to Cart. The black tupelo is one of the first trees to start changing colors in the fall; scientists believe this early color change helps alert birds to their newly ripening fruit. Your email address will not be published. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! See our privacy policy for more information about ads on this site, Your email address will not be published. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. You can choose from 3 different colours: cherry red, pine green or antique gold, including a matching ribbon. Then if you wish to add a personalised message, there is a message box on the cart page. It grows in swamps along the east coast and in the Deep South. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … The female of the species has half-inch long dark blue-black fruit in the fall around when the leaves turn scarlet, purple, and yellow. The small, ovoid, fleshy fruit is one of the first berries to ripen and provides an important food source to migrating birds and overwintering residents. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. It does produce fruit but the tree is dioecious meaning the tree is either male or female. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Support: The juicy fruit is consumed by many birds and mammals since it is a honey plant, provides oxygen as it undergoes photosynthesis, provides shade as branches grow almost horizontally. The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. A Message from GTG. Swamp Tupelo differs by having smaller leaves (less than 2½" long) that are more … THE Black Gum occurs rather commonly throughout Massachusetts, where it inhabits the borders of swamps and streams. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. BLACK GUM OR TUPELO (Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.) Fruits mature to a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife. The importance of Black Tupelo is high as its benefits are more and so are Black Tupelo Facts.Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. Its height development ranges from twenty-five to fifty feet and its diam- eter from one to two feet. Growing to 15 m (~50 ft), it is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Black tupelo prefers a moist, slightly acid soil. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. HEIGHT: 18.0m WIDTH: 8.0m *height & width at maturity. Nyssa Sylvatica, or Black Tupelo, is a deciduous tree most notably known for its fall colored foliage. The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. Flowers are generally small and not notable. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. The botanical name of this plant is Nyssa sylvatica, and common names include sourgum and beetlebung.This medium sized tree is a member of the dogwood family. Whenever I see a large tree that has single lobed leaves I usually say “what is that?” and it reminds me that that’s what I usually say when I see a black tupelo. It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. The leaves are 3”-6” long and 1.5”-3” wide, and can have a wavy edge. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to … There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. A variety of the Black Tupelo is called the Swamp Black Tupelo (N. sylvatica, var. It is a good choice for damp/wet locations and is tolerant of clay soils. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Spectacular scarlet fall color. Native Americans did not engage in the selective breeding of fruit trees as much as Europeans.  Black Tupelo is hardy to zone 3, has great fall foliage and delicious fruits, find one or plant one for a great addition to your foraging ventures. Gray Black Brown ... Other common names tupelo black gum tree common tupelo tree cotton gum pepperidge sour gum tree see more; Synonyms Nyssa multiflora. Family Nyssaceae Genus Nyssa are … The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. N. ogeche, Ogeechee tupelo, is smaller (to 3040 feet high) and has only negligible fall color. FORM: Pyramidial to rounded FOLIAGE: Mid green foliage becomes orange and scarlet in autumn Lemongrass: When life gives you lemongrass make tea! The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Black Tupelo could be a difficult tree to identify. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Nyssa sylvatica – Black Tupelo . The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. There is one somewhat unique ID feature which is that the mid-height and lower branches grow out of the tree at almost 90 degrees then slope down unlike most trees where they are angled up. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. The Arbor Day Society calls this tree one of the ten best trees for fall color. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The elliptical shaped leaves transform from green to shades of orange, yellow and red marking the start of … The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. Mugwort, an Age-Old Herb that Uncovers Our Herbal History, Common Reed (Phragmites), an Age Old Sweet Treat, Wild Parsnip, Flagrant Foilage but a Tasty Taproot, Eastern Prickly Pear, Hardy Spines Hiding a Sweet Treat, Evening Primrose, a Nutritious and Medicinal Garden Favorite, Waterlily, a Decorative and Nutritious Wild Edible, Yellow Pond Lily, Cheerful Blooms and Popcorn like Snacks, American Lotus, Fun to Forage and Highly Nutritious, Watercress, a Peppery Wild Edible with Informed Foraging, Mulberry, Wild Sweet Fruits and Favored in the Silk Industry, Chamomile: Just a tinge brightens up your day. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter and is borne in small clusters of 2 - 3. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Its edible, 34 inches., reddish fruit is pickled to make Ogeechee limes. There is very little research done on the health benefits of Tupelo fruits. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. DESCRIPTION: As a moderately sized tree with lovely autumn colour, Tupelo would make an excellent specimen planting in a larger garden or reserve. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. Nyssa ogeche, commonly referred to as Ogeechee tupelo, white tupelo, river lime, ogeechee lime tree, sour gum or wild lime is a deciduous tree. It also provides nutrition for bees in early to late spring. The fruit is the only known edible part of the tree.  The fruits are very tasty, somewhat sour but sweet enough to enjoy raw, there is no bitterness.  There is one large seed in the fruit so the fruits aren’t as fleshy as they look.  On the other hand the tree is usually loaded with fruits, and it can grow to be 80’ tall, so as fall progresses the ground gets covered in these small fruits.  You can find some good ones there on the ground or pick them off the tree if you can reach the branches.  The fruits are also often used to flavor pies, preserves, and drinks. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. N. aquatica, water tupelo, is similar to N. sylvatica but has larger leaves and fruit and a trunk that is swollen at the base. The flowers are pollinated by bees. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Black Tupelo is a regionally native tree that can reach about 30’-50’ tall and half that in spread. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. The black tupelo is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions and is … Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Black Tupelo is a great edible fruit tree.  This is a plant that makes me wonder what a few thousand years of selective breeding would have gotten us, the fruits are not much smaller than wild cherry fruits and cherries are obviously a common fruit today. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! Notify me when this product is available: A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. We will also enclose a card – suitable for the occasion - with your own personal message. Black tupelo, also called black gum tree, pepperidge tree, or simply tupelo is native to North America from New England to southern Ontario, to central Florida, eastern Texas, and Mexico. Larger specimens may be difficult to transplant from deep, well- drained field soil because of its deep roots and should only be transplanted from the field in the spring. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. biflora.) Fruit. Required fields are marked *. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. 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